Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. If you aren’t a grammar ninja yet, you have the right not to know all this obscure and horrid terminology which I deal with every day.But the fact that you don’t know the name of a grammatical structure doesn’t mean you don’t use it.Direct and reported speech are undoubtedly two of the most frequently-used grammar notions in every language.Every single sentence you repeat, believe it or not, is in direct or reported speech. Reporting orders and requests. Ruchi said that this was her house. It gives a deep insight of all like sentences like assertive sentence, interrogative, imperative sentences, exclamatory as well as optative sentence. Reported Speech Exercise 5 - statements - mixed tenses. (ii)In the indirect form, the main words are the same but the construction is a bit different. It only foccusses on the affirmative form. Hurrah ! Reported Speech Reported Statements When do we use reported speech? He said that he was a carpenter. is omitted and all interjections, such as Alas!  (Indirect). Read the explanation to learn more. Reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘exclaimed’ in the case of exclamatory sentences and into wished or prayed in the case of optative sentences. endobj don’t keep me waiting so long.- (Direct), He requested me not to keep him waiting so long. The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported … Direct Speech: He said, “I will go to college tomorrow”. Remember: Rules regarding the change often personal pronouns etc. Reported Speech Exercise 7 - statements, questions, commands. (c) Follow the rules for the change of tenses, personal pronouns etc., as in the case of assertive sentences. "Direct speech He says (that) they are in London for the first time.Reported speech - Indirect speech He says, "We were in London for the first time. Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter.  (Indirect), He enquired of me if/whether I would go. (Indirect), 3. I will pay you on Friday (THE BOSS, PROMISE) The boss promised to pay me on Friday. Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. 1 0 obj When do we use reported speech? (Indirect).  A passage in the direct form sometimes consists of several types of sentences enumerated above. He said that he was not guilty. REPORTED SPEECH RS 4 Reported Commands: Change to reported speech using the person and the verb in brackets! Rule VIII. (b) Rule II. Rule VII. Rules for the conversion of Imperative Sentences. Rule V. The words in the Reported Speech expressing nearness are changed into words expressing distance : next day/week     the following day/week. advised., etc.,       Â, He said to me, “Please. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of … 2. See the sentences below with direct and indirect speech forms, these are great references to understand the difference. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. “Have you done your homework ?” (Direct), He asked me if/whether I had done my homework. endobj It is thus that you want to make up your deficiency.”. The first is direct speech when we express what the speaker said as it is and the second is indirect speech where we express what was said in our words. stream - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Let’s practice online by clicking links given below. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech endobj Reported speech imperatives, also known as reported commands, follow a slightly different structure to normal indirect speech. Go through these narration exercise with reported speech examples. Reported speech imperatives, also known as reported commands, follow a slightly different structure to normal indirect speech. Note (1) There is no comma after said. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 28 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> When we use the exact words of the speaker without any change anywhere, it is called direct form. Reported speech (also called indirect speech) relates what the person said, but does not use the exact words. (Indirect), Rule VI. Grammar explanation. (Direct), Our teacher said that man is mortal. "Don't play with matches," his mother said. Preeti said that she had to go home at once. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (With Rules and Examples). First, change the exclamatory or optative sentences into assertive sentences and then follow Rule II in the case of assertive sentences. Rules for the conversion of exclamatory and optative sentences, (a) Rule I. (Indirect). DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH (With Rules and Examples). I said that he had not done his homework. (Indirect), (b)   I said, “Ile has not done his homework.” (Direct), I said that he had not done his homework. Change in the Personal Pronouns in the Reported Speech : (i) Pronouns of the first Person in the reported speech of the direct form are changed in the indirect turns to the person of the subject of the reporting verb. He said that his mother was there. Our teacher said, “Man is mortal. Take for instance the following example: The teacher said, “Why are von late today. Reported or indirect speech occurs when you tell somebody else what you or another person said before. He asked whether you would come the next day. (Indirect). (a) The rule I: The reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into asked or enquired of; as, He asked me whether/if I would go. 2 0 obj Are you feeling Past continuous Simple Past I was there last year. Read the explanation to learn more. Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. (c)Sita said, “I am not going to school today.”, Sita said that she was not going to school that day, The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the. 4 0 obj This worksheet teaches reported speech. This is a letter that Andrew wrote ten years ago: Prepared By:. You often need to change verbs and pronouns to keep the original meaning. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. This worksheet teaches reported speech. Prepared By:. Reported Speech Exercise 4 - statements - mixed tenses. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. When, however, the words of the speaker are reported without using the actual words, it is called the indirect form of narration. Abdul Rauf Baloch Government Boys Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. Versha forbade Vaibhav to play till late evening. 1. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. He asked me if I would stop disturbing him and said that I would not. are dropped. I’ll do it again (JACK, AGREE) He agreed to do it again. = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. (Indirect), He said, -Gold is One of the most useful metals.” (Direct), He said that gold is one of the most useful metals. You will see reported speech does not go back a tense if it is already in the past perfect (there is no further back it … Indirect Speech: He said that he had met his friend the previous day. Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. Rule IV. Verb tenses DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRONOUNSVerb tenses Simple Present Do you I am a carpenter. are the same as in assertive sentences. (i) In the direct form, the actual words of the speaker have been enclosed within inverted commas and quotation begins with a capital letter. 2. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." Below is a reported speech tense change chart with the rules for backshifting for each tense and for modal verbs. He said, “Let us go out for a walk.” (Direct), He proposed that they should go out for an (Indirect). So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary. ENGLISH GRAMMAR Reported Speech 3 All those changes represent the distancing effect of the reported speech. It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. direct speech reported speech; present simple* He said, "I like coffee." This is done by enclosing the speech within inverted commas (“…………….”). Exercises are included. <> Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. Typed By:. He said, “What a fine bird it is!” (Direct),  He exclaimed that it was a very fine bird. Exercises, PDF worksheets + grammar rules. Typed By:. x��]s�6�=3�z$;1M|���L�8mn��\��=$}`d��E�QN���v �E��X,�������au�,�_~9y84�����������������ms��4��vsq��|u��|����k�`|����3�����T�r�(k��0r��Y���?�>�!Y�/�����kX����jq��r{8l����*�T��u�W�_��?��&������r�O0�� The inverted commas are removed and ‘that is placed instead. He said, “Hurrah! Direct and Indirect speech is directly not asked in class 9 and 10 in CBSE Board but reported speech is not out of syllabus. The rules for changing the tense of the verb from direct speech are presented and practised. Learning direct indirect speech rules is not difficult as they are based on tenses. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. 3 0 obj Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. Reported Speech Exercise 8 - questions, commands Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) Home / B1 / Grammar / Reported Speech Reported Speech (B1) Exception: if, however, the sense of the indirect speech is such that the act of reporting is happening at the same time and the same place, there is no change in the above words; as. (Indirect). Indirect Speech: He said that he had met his friend the previous day. the first w(: rd of the sentence is made the connectivity : He said to me. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. Rules for converting Indirect Speech into Direct Speech The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: 1. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said.  Remember that the reporting verb ‘said’ is changed into ‘told’ only when it is followed by an object. By clicking the link above you can also get rules of reported speech in PDF format. All downloads are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. We shift the tense used in direct speech one step back in reported speech. Example No. Exercises are included. (i)   In case of questions which are introduced by the finite verb or its auxiliaries, (ii)  In case of interrogative sentences which begin with, (c) In the sentences beginning with ‘let’ the reporting verb, An exclamatory sentence contains words which express certain strong emotions of. The worksheet is suitable for both classroom practice and self-study. Reported speech tense shifting chart showing indirect speech to direct speech tense shift-- Present simple to past simple, present continuous to past continuous, etc. Are you feeling Past continuous Simple Past I was there last year. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. Read this article and find out what other changes are made in reported speech. Reported Speech Rules PDF. Direct Speech: She said, “I am busy today”. Reported or indirect speech occurs when you tell somebody else what you or another person said before. (Indirect), He said, “Alas! Simple past Present continuous I’m working at the moment. (Indirect), He remarked that Mohan was clever. Indirect Speech: She said that she was busy that day. Example No. Considering this Edumantra is providing reported speech rules… Read More » He said that he was working at that moment. Click here to download this explanation in PDF. Common sense, together with the time aspect from the speaker’s point of view, are more important than the rules when He said that he was a carpenter. So learning direct and indirect speech rules is very necessary.        introducing ‘to’ in place of inverted commas. Paper copies of the text lesson Direct vs. Malcolm : I like coffee. past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." There are two ways of narrating or saying anything, first by using the actual words of the speaker and secondly by reporting what has been said. 1. (Indirect). Adjective and Adverbs - Downloadable PDF Worksheets for English Language Learners - Intermediate Level (B1) Home / B1 / Grammar / Reported Speech Reported Speech (B1) The general rule is that reported speech … It can be asked in gap filling as giving the right verb forms. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. will shall, has, have, had, etc. Changes in the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech: (a)If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is not changed : The teacher says, “He is an intelligent boy.” (Direct), The teacher says that he is an intelligent boy. Direct speech is not very common in spoken English. (JIM, OFFER) Jim offered to drive him/her home. (iii) The direct narration has two parts : The speech which is outside the inverted commas is called the reporting speech and its verb, the reporting verb while the speech within the inverted commas is the reported speech — the speech that includes the actual words of the speaker. Reported Speech Tenses Change Chart. Raja said that he might come the next day. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. you have brought victory”, Versha said to Vaibhav, “Don’t play till late evening. He said that he was working at that moment. She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." This Parallel Structure Quiz is a multiple choice test where you need to decide in which of the two sentences the rules on parallelism are correct. Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. He said: "My mother is here." It only foccusses on the affirmative form. It is more common to use reported speech Let's look at the same example again. Pranav said, “I have not completed my homework. Reported Speech. The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Reported Speech Exercise 3 - statements - present tense. Don't confuse time with tense. Practice these direct indirect speech exercise and  be full of knowledge. Grammar Rules with 10 Tips on using Direct & Indirect Speech Looking for Questions instead of tips? “Why are you late today ?” (Direct), He asked me why I was late that day (Indirect). = She said that she might bring a friend to the party. Ozair Ahmed Baloch Government Boys Primary School Sammu village, UC-1 Gadap Town Karachi. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English.  In this passage, all the sentences are interrogative ones and therefore. We can write this in reported speech as follows : Malcolm said (that) he liked coffee. Note: All firms of addresses, exclamations, such as good morning, good evening, hurrah, alas, etc. The indirect object is the person spoken to. (Indirect). When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. <>>> Example: He … When the actual words of the speaker are reproduced, it is called direct speech. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." It is a grievous loss.” (Direct),                 He exclaimed with sorrow that that was a grievous loss. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary (b)  the comma after the main verb disappears. She said she had seen Mary the day before. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). (b) If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, the tense of the verb in the reported speech is changed into the, (ii)  When indicating necessity or compulsion must is changed into—(a). Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. Indirect Speech: Definition, Rules & Examples, one for each student A worksheet created using the quiz from the associated text lesson, one for each student Obviously, if you report what somebody else has said, you y do not normally use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech.  Remove the comma and the inverted commas. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. ... PDF Version. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. we will render it in indirect turn by adding the reporting ‘asked’ or ‘enquired’ of with the main verb, thus : The teacher asked khan why he was late that day, if he had no watch or clock in his, 1 house and if it y. as this that he wanted to make up his deficiency. 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Keep me waiting so long, maybe we want to tell someone else what a person said directly to! Friend the previous day   Â, He told Ram that Mohan would.! Speech for Modals i.e will shall, has, have, had, etc I would.... To ) in the reported speech Exercise 7 - statements - mixed tenses completed his homework is +... ( direct ), He said: `` my mother is saying to cinema! I saw Mary yesterday. new reporting verb Secondary School Bhiroo village, UC-1 Town. T keep me waiting so long sentences end with a mark of interrogation?... First letter of … grammar B1-B2: reported speech is no comma the.